About Ukraine. Official Site of Ukrainian Consulate



Geographical Location: Ukraine is located in southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea. Ukraine is situated between 44″20′ and 52″20′ north latitude, and 22″5′ and 41″15′ east longitude.

Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States.

Area: Ukraine is the largest country in Europe among those with entire boundaries within the European continent. The total area of Ukraine is about 603,700 sq. km. It extends 1316 km from west to east, and 893 km north to south.

Area – comparative: slightly smaller than Texas Neighboring Countries: Bordered by (clockwise) Romania (169 km), Moldova (939 km), Romania (362 km) and Hungary (103 km) on the southwest, Slovak Republic (90 km) on the west, Poland (428 km) on the northwest, Belarus (891 km) on the north, and Russia (1,576 km) on the north and on the east.

Total Land Boundaries: 4,558 km.

Coastline: 2,782 km.

Climate: The climate of Ukraine is mostly temperate continental. A subtropical Mediterranean climate is prevalent on the southern portions of the Crimean Peninsula. The average monthly temperature in winter ranges from -8° to 2° C (17.6° to 35.6° F), while summer temperatures average 17° to 25° C (62.6° to 77° F). The Black Sea coast is subject to freezing.

Precipitation generally decreases from north to south; it is greatest in the Carpathians, where it exceeds more

than 1500 mm (58.5 in) per year, and least in the coastal

lowlands of the Black Sea, where it averages less than

300 mm (11.7 in) per year.

Terrain: Almost the entire country of Ukraine is a flat

plain, with elevations generally below 350 m. The

Carpathian Mountains intrude at the extreme west, and

on the southern coast of the Crimean Peninsula the

Crimean Mountains are located. The highest point in

Ukraine is Mt. Hoverla in the Carpathians, with an

elevation of 2061 m.

Land use: Ukraine has extremely fertile black-earth

soils in the central and southern portions, totaling more

than a half of the territory. According to the estimates,

arable land is 56%, permanent crops: 2%, meadows and

pastures: 12%, forest and woodland: 10%, other: 20%.

In 1990 irrigated land was 26,000 sq. km.

Inland Waterways: Most major rivers flow south to the

Black Sea; they include the Dnipro River in central

Ukraine, the Southern Bug and Dnestr rivers in the west,

the Donets River in the east, and the Danube in the far

south. The Western Bug flows northward through the

western part of the country and joins the Vistula, which

empties into the Baltic Sea.

Natural resources: According to the experts, Ukraine

contains approximately 5 per cent of the world’s total

mineral resources. Ukraine has deposits of more than 80

types of minerals. The Donetsk Basin contains huge

reserves of high-quality coal and the nearby iron-ore

deposits of Kryvy Rih are equally rich. Other Ukraine’s

mineral resources include manganese, mercury, titanium,

chromium, nickel, bauxite, uranium, phosphate, sulfur

and peat. Development of the above mentioned mineral

resources under concession agreements along with

transportation and refining of oil and gas are among the

most promising areas for foreign investments.

Natural hazards: n/a

Environment (current issues): inadequate supplies of

potable water air and water pollution deforestation

radiation contamination in the northeast from 1986

accident at Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant.

Environment (international agreements):

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air

Pollution-Sulphur 85, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity,

Climate Change, Environmental Modification, Marine

Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship


signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent

Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-

Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental

Protocol, Law of the Sea.

Geography note: strategic position at the crossroads

between Europe and Asia; second-largest country in



Population: 46,929,500 (January 2007)


noun: Ukrainian(s),

adjective: Ukrainian.

Ethnic groups: Ukrainian 73%, Russian 22%, Jewish 1%,

other 4%.

Religion: predominantly Christian: Ukrainian Orthodox

(Kiev Patriarchate) , Ukrainian Catholic (Uniate) ,

Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox, Protestant, Ukrainian

Orthodox (Moscow Patriarchate) . Other religions like

Islam, Judaism etc. are also professed by some part of

the population.

State language: Ukrainian.

Other languages: Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian.

Conventional long form: none.

Conventional short form: Ukraine.

Local long form: none.

Local short form: Ukrayina.

Former: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.

Data code: UA.

General Principles and State Power

Government type: Ukraine is a Republic.

Independence: December 1, 1991 (from Soviet Union) .

National holiday: Independence Day – August 24, 1991.

Constitution: adopted on June 28, 1996.

Head of State: President

Head of Government: Prime Minister .

Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament ( Verkhovna

Rada ) with 450 seats (Last elections held in March 1998)


Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal.

Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial

review of legislative acts.

Administrative divisions:

24 oblasts (Cherkaska, Chernihivska, Chernivetska,

Dnipropetrovska, Donetska,

Ivano-Frankivska, Kharkivska, Khersonska,

Khmelnytska, Kirovo-

hradska, Kyyivska, Luhanska, Lvivska, Mykolayivska,


Poltavska, Rivnenska, Sumska, Ternopilska, Vinnytska,


Zakarpatska, Zaporizka, Zhytomyrska) ,

1 autonomous republic (The Autonomous Republic of

Crimea) ,

2 municipalities (misto) with oblast status (Kyiv and


Capital of Ukraine: Kyiv


Currency: 1 hryvna=100 kopiykas

Exchange rates: To view current exchange rates please

click here :


Railroads: total: 23,350 km (broad gauge – 1.524 m);

8,600 electrified

Highways: total: 273,700 km (paved and graveled:

236,400 km)

Inland waterways: 1,672 km perennially navigable

(Prypyat and Dnipro Rivers)

Pipelines: crude oil 2,010 km, petroleum products 1,920

km, natural gas 7,800 km (1992)

Seaports: Berdiansk, Illichivsk, Izmayil, Kerch, Kherson,

Mariupol, Mykolayiv, Odesa, Pivdenne, Sevastopol.

Inland port: Kyiv.


Ukraine occupies an area of 603,700 square kilometers,

and is among the largest European countries.

Territorially it is larger than France (544,000 sq. km.),

Spain (505,000 sq. km.), Sweden (450,000 sq. km.), and

Poland (312,7000 sq. km.).

In its ethnic composition, Ukraine is a multi-ethnic

Republic, inhabited by more than 110 ethnic groups, of

which Ukrainian (72.7%) are the largest, followed by

Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Moldovans, Bulgarians,

Poles and Hungarians.

The easternmost point is in the township of Milove,

Luhansk Region. The westernmost point is the city of

Chop in Transcarpathia, the distance between them being

1,270 kilometers. In its widest central part, the distance

between the northernmost village of Muravyi in the

Chernihiv Region and the southernmost Sarych

Promontory in Crimea equals 900 kilometers.

The largest mountain system is the Ukrainian

Carpathian Mountains, which are part of the Eastern

Carpathians. The mountains stretch to the west within

the territories of the Transcarpathian, Lviv, Ivano-

Frankivsk and Chernivtsi regions.

The highest mountain peak, Hoverla, is in the Ukrainian

Carpathians within the territories of Transcarpathian and


The Black Sea borders Ukraine to the south. The

Dnieper is the country’s largest river. The deepest river

is the Danube. Yalpug is Ukraine’s largest lake in the

Danube delta of the Odesa Region.

The deepest lake is Svitiaz in the basin of the Southern

Buh. It is one of the Shatsk Lakes in Volyn.

The highest mountain lake is Brebeneskul, between the

Carpathian range of Chornohora and the Hutyn-Tamnatyk


The considerable remoteness from oceans and

continental Siberia tells favorably on the climate of

Ukraine. Almost al of its territory is located in the

temperate zone. On the whole, the climate is

temperately continental, and only on the southern shore

of Crimea is it subtropical.

As of January 1, 1990, Ukraine numbered 436 cities

inhabited by more than 68% of the country’s population.

Over 75% of basic production assets and about 95% of

scientific research institutions are concentrated in these

metropolitan areas.

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